How To Price Photography Workbook

Digital Camera Features Explained

If you have worked with a film camera before, it would be very easy for you to familiarize yourself with a digital camera as they are designed for that purpose. Digital cameras also come with many helpful features to help you take awesome pictures. Most of the cameras have basically the same features than others. I will be introducing you to the typical features of a camera and would then continue to discuss the more specialized functions in another article called “Starting to Use Your Camera” Always check your camera manual for additional features.

The Side Of A Digital Camera

The Side Of A Digital CameraA camera should have a wrist strap lug on the side where you can attach the camera’s wrist or carry strap. On small cameras it is easier to use the wrist strap as it’s very light and easy to work with, but with the larger digital cameras, it’s best to use a carry strap that you put around your neck to void it from falling or damaging. Always ensure that you take this precaution, because when your camera falls, it would probably not work again.




The Front Of A Digital Camera

The Front Of A Digital CameraViewfinder
The viewfinder enables you to look at a scene that you want to photograph. There are two types: Optical and electronic. If you use an optical viewfinder, it means that you can simply turn the large colour screen off to save battery life. If you are using the electronic viewfinder, you are able to make use of the benefit to display the scene you want to photograph. This however uses a bit of power.

AF Assist Emitter
The autofocus (AF) assist emitter is a port that contains a light emitting diode (LED) to help you to focus your image in a low light area and situation. This also assists on reducing the redeye phenomenon.

Built-In Flash
A digital camera has an automated built-in flash unit that will provide light in dark situations to reduce heavy shaded shadows even in bright sunlight.

The camera comes with a zoom lens that enables you to zoom in and out when photographing a scene. The results when changing the focal length will be displayed on the display screen on the back of the camera or in the viewfinder.

Memory Card and Battery Cover
You will also find a small cover that protects hidden sockets where you insert your digital memory card and battery and then cover them safely again.

The Top Of A Digital Camera

The Top Of A Digital CameraOn/Off Button
A camera has an on/off button that is electrically powered by batteries that you insert in a battery socket.

Shutter Release
A shutter release would be the most important button that you will use on a camera. There are two different pressures on a shutter release button. A half press that you hold to focus your images as required. Once the image is in focus, it will make a beep that indicates the focus being ready. When you complete the press, it will fire the shutter and take the photo.

Zoom Lens
When you switch on a camera, it will extend a zoom lens into position to take a photo. The lens can have different ratios up to ten times of the extended measurements. Normally cameras have three times the extended zoom ratio.

Lens Zoom Control
A zoom lens control is a lever that controls the lens to make it zoom in or out. It will make adjusting views very easy when taking a photograph. This lever is not always found on the top of a digital camera though.

The Back Of A Digital Camera

The Back Of A Digital CameraViewfinder (Back View)
The viewfinder (back view) part of the camera is used to compose a shot. It also has two small indicators showing what the status is on your flash and focus. A green light would mean that the focus is in focus. The flash indicator will flash when it is busy charging and will be steady when it is ready.

A high-definition multimedia interface (HDMI) socket is where you will find the location to connect your digital camera to your personal computer. You can also use it to connect to your television (TV) for displaying your images or videos in high-definition.

LCD (Colour Screen)
The colour display screen is used to show a live display of any subject before you release the shutter. It is also used to view your images after taking them. When you are not busy taking photos and need to set the camera’s settings, the settings will be displayed here as well.

Adjustment Buttons & Controls
Depending on the type of camera you have, you will find various adjustment buttons on the camera that is used to control functions that is frequently used. These functions will control the different types of modes the camera has.

Jog Buttons
Jog buttons are used to scroll around and through menus and images. The centre button is used to confirm an action of the camera’s shooting functions.

An Overview On Different Types Of Digital Cameras

An Overview On Different Types Of Digital Cameras

What kind of camera do you need? Let’s start to look at the different types of digital cameras so that you can make an informed choice on starting your photography business.
There are four types of digital cameras, and only one of these types is suitable for starting a professional photography business. If you make the wrong choice, you will be wasting money that could have been saved towards buying the right type of digital camera when starting your photography business.

The Basic Digital Camera

When you buy a basic digital camera, it will have everything you need to take wonderful photographs, but it will come in a package that is very simple to use to anyone. Most of the functions on this type of camera will be automatic and there are very few controls to play with. These are the type of cameras that are referred to as a “point and shoot” camera. It has a built-in flash and probably a function to select auto modes to shoot different types of photography scenes such as portraits or landscapes. It might have a modest zoom lens or a focal length that is about 35mm and the resolution might start at about 8 mega-pixels up to 10 mega-pixels. With a camera that has a resolution of 8 mega-pixels can print images of well over 297mm x 420mm in paper size.

The Mid-Range Digital Camera

The Mid-Range Digital CameraTo identify the most common difference between a basic digital camera and a mid-range digital camera are the lens zoom and the mega-pixels not to mention the price difference. The resolution of a mid-range digital camera can be anything from 12 mega-pixels to 14 mega-pixels and lens that has better zoom capabilities of up to 5x zoom ratio. You also get mid-range cameras that have up to 10x zoom ratios. You will discover that there are enhanced features to take charge of your photo taking in high-definition (HD). The quality of the build would also be improved.

The High-End Digital Camera

High End Digital CamerasThe high-end digital camera is designed for advanced photographers, which are expensive pieces of equipment and has controls that can be manually set or choose a more enhanced automatic feature of settings.  This camera is much faster than the mid-range digital cameras due to the superior internal software that is speeding up capturing photographs.
The zoom ratio might not have been improved much but the glass on the lens will be crafted in such a way to improve the capturing of light to capture better images.

The high-resolution sensors will be round about 10 mega-pixels to 14 mega-pixels. The build of the model would also be improved for better grip and handling. The focus, metering and flash can also be used with professional studio equipment. Depending on the camera type, it would have additional memory card slots with faster connections to a computer.

The Digital, Single Lens Reflex Camera (D-SLR)

A D-SLR camera is the best type of camera to use for your professional photography business as it is the very top of the digital cameras. These cameras are very expensive with a professional level in high-resolution. The camera was given the “SLR” which enables you to view the scene you want to photograph through a single lens with a built-in reflex mirror. This reflex mirror will direct light through the viewfinder that is mounted inside the camera.

This would enable the photographer to look at the scene through the viewfinder as seen by the lens. When the photographer takes the shot of the scene, the mirror lifts up to allow light to enter and reach the sensor.

D-SLR cameras can use lenses that are interchangeable which are not available in other compact digital cameras. This enables the photographer to have flexibility in shooting multiple scenes. On this camera you will get high-tech gadgets that are specialized to enhance its performance such as having high-resolutions from 10 mega-pixels to 24 mega-pixels and even more. The quality build would be much stronger with even more grip and comes with an anti-dust system. The live view will enable a photographer to use the camera’s large screen to compose a shot.

I have prepared the following list that I would recommend buying if I was starting out as a professional photographer. Read more about lenses here… (And for full disclosure, since I’m all about doing things right, almost all the links in this article pays me a commission if you use them, so please use my links and thanks for helping support this site by using them to make your purchases!)

My recommendations will be based on Portrait Photography and Wedding Photography.

Portrait Photographers Nikon D7100Portrait Photographers: 2 x Nikon D7100 cameras

The D7100 incorporates recent advancements in HD-SLR technology, it brings a thrilling new level of image quality, speed, connectivity and creative capabilities. It has a specially designed 24.1 megapixel image sensor, with superior low-light performance, ultra-precise autofocus and metering, advanced video recording features, built-in HDR, mobile connectivity and much, much more. Pair it with any NIKKOR DX- and FX-format lenses, versatile Speedlights and accessories, and the D7100 will be the centerpiece of your creativity for years to come.

Read more about lenses here…

Total cost: $2400

Wedding Photographers Nikon D610Wedding Photographers: 2 x Nikon D610 cameras

Feel the power of a 24.3 megapixel sensor in a compact, HD-SLR body. Create dazzling full-frame images rivaled only by Nikon’s D800 series D-SLR and 1080p Full HD videos. Nikon’s superior 39-point AF system and Scene Recognition System means details will be clear and crisp—for static or moving subjects. HD video quality rivals more expensive dedicated video cameras. Nikon FX-format quality has never been more attainable

Read more about lenses here…

Total cost: $4000

Digital Camera Memory And Memory Cards

Digital Camera Memory And Memory Cards

Every digital camera uses some kind of memory that provides storing space for the images you take. We will be discussing what type of memory cards there are and how many is required as a professional photographer. The memory within a digital camera is a chip called flash memory. It contains all the information that completes a photo. Each digital camera has card slots that are used to contain cards for storage.

When you remove a memory card from a digital camera, it does not mean that you are losing all your photos. They are safely stored on the card to download on your computer. When buying a digital camera, you would probably get a card in the box to start with. It is essential that you buy more cards for extra storage space when you do professional photography. Always check your camera manual before you buy more cards to ensure that you get the right kind.

There are different kinds of memory cards that also have different storing space measured in megabytes and gigabytes. 1 gigabyte is equivalent to 1024 megabytes. So, when comparing the space on a card, note that a 1 gigabyte card has more space than a 512 megabyte card. The bigger the gigabyte indicated on the card the more space you will have to store your images on. The more gigabytes a card has, the more you will pay for one card, but you would save money if buying multiple lower gigabyte cards.

Compact Flash (CF) CardsCompact Flash (CF) Cards

The most popular cards are the compact flash as it has been around since the digital camera. It comes in capacities of up to 256 gigabytes and is available in higher performance versions with improved writing speeds when shooting high-definition videos.
These are often denoted as having a 300x or 1000x write speeds.



Secure Digital (SD) and Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC)Secure Digital (SD) and Secure Digital High Capacity (SDHC)

The secure digital card now comes out in secure digital high-capacity that is designed to offer an increase in storage for high-resolution digital cameras. Most digital cameras can shoot high-definition videos and would require bigger storage capacities and performance.
You can get capacities of up to 128 gigabytes.

As a professional photographer, you should not only get the highest capacity cards available. My reason for saying so is that all your photos are stored on one card. If something goes wrong, you will not lose all your images. I recommend that you buy several smaller memory cards to store your images on and get a handy card carry case to safely carry your cards in your carry bag.

I recommend that you buy several smaller memory cards to store your images on and get a handy memory card carry case to safely carry your cards in your carry bag. I have prepared the following list that I would recommend buying if I was starting out as a professional photographer. (And for full disclosure, since I’m all about doing things right, almost all the links in this article pays me a commission if you use them, so please use my links and thanks for helping support this site by using them to make your purchases!)

SanDisk 16 GB Extreme Pro CompactFlash CardSanDisk 16 GB Extreme Pro CompactFlash Card

It features technologies that were previously only available in the professional line of CompactFlash memory cards. It is managed by the Power Core Controller, which raises the bar for speed and performance of the product line. The advanced Error Correction Code engine improves the overall data integrity and reliability of the card during read and write. Experience RAW + JPEG continuous burst mode shooting and capture fast-action Full HD video like never before. For capturing Full HD video or that professional shot with your D-SLR or HD camcorder. Check your camera manual before you buy more memory cards to ensure that you get the right kind.

Total cost: $36

SanDisk 16 GB Extreme CompactFlash CardSanDisk 16 GB Extreme CompactFlash Card

Get exactly the shots you want with a professional-grade card. With up to 60 MB/s read/write speeds, you’ll see it takes more than a great digital SLR camera to bring your ideas to life. And with 16GB of space, you’ll have room to capture it all in RAW+JPEG, and save the editing for later. SanDisk engineered its Power CoreTM Controller to take whatever your camera’s buffer can dish out. By distributing image data across the card more rapidly and efficiently, this card delivers professional performance. Check your camera manual before you buy more memory cards to ensure that you get the right kind.

Total cost: $69

SanDisk 32 GB Extreme CompactFlash CardSanDisk 32 GB Extreme CompactFlash Card

The SanDisk 32GB Extreme CompactFlash Memory Card were designed for professionals who shoot the highest quality RAW photos and high-definition videos, and need the large storage capacities that these files demand. The SanDisk Extreme CompactFlash card comes in capacities up to 32GB so you won’t need to worry about running out of space.
Check your camera manual before you buy more memory cards to ensure that you get the right kind.

Total cost: $150

Storage and Memory Card CareECO-FUSED® Memory Card Carrying Case

This compact and convenient case provides the perfect storage solution for your precious memory cards. It contains 8 pages which can hold up to 22 memory cards and has a secure zipper closure. This case is perfect for professional and amateur photographers alike and will keep your cards together, safe, and protected.

Total cost: $7

Choosing A Digital Camera For Your Photography Business

Choosing A Digital Camera For Your Photography Business

Choosing the right digital camera for your photography business can be difficult as there are a huge number of models on the market with various types of functions and features. As a professional photographer, you would want to get a D-SLR camera. Note that these types of cameras are very expensive. The main purpose of this article is to help you make an informed and important decision.

The first thing that you need to do is to narrow down all the different types of cameras to only a few to select from. Take into consideration what your budget is and what your camera needs to be used for.

Digital Camera Features

The following are the most important features that you need to consider when thinking about a camera for your photography business. You will get a cheap product if you spend less than you should. Purchasing a camera would be an investment for years to come.

● Always ensure that your budget is fair for a decent memory card.
● Your camera must have a high number in mega-pixels.
● Your camera should have a large display screen. Without a display screen, you will miss out on many benefits when taking photographs. You will be able to see the shot you are going to take before you take it, and then you can review it after you took it.

Digital Camera Requirements

You need to make an informed choice on what you want from your camera. Once you have done this, it becomes a whole lot easier to select a camera for your photography needs. I have listed the most common requirements that you might use your camera for.

● Posting images on the Internet.
● Sending images via email to friends and family.
● Viewing your images on your personal computer.
● Printing out photographs.
● Using your camera for professional photography to make money.

Some cameras can be used to do all the above and more. Knowing what your camera can do for you is the key to making an informed choice. The higher the mega-pixels in a camera the better it can perform. The specs rate would also be higher on a digital camera if it has a higher pixel ratio. You will get much bigger pictures and better quality for your money.

The More Pixels The Better

In general, when starting a professional photography business, it is best to look into a camera with as many mega-pixels as you can afford. You can always downsize an image to a smaller size to fit its requirements, but you cannot increase the size of an image. I recommend that your choice should be based on several cameras with specific functions. I recommend that you buy several cameras for specific functions. I have prepared the following list that I would recommend buying if I was starting out as a professional photographer. (And for full disclosure, since I’m all about doing things right, almost all the links in this article pays me a commission if you use them, so please use my links and thanks for helping support this site by using them to make your purchases!)

Nikon D800E 36.3 MPNikon D800E 36.3 MP

The camera with the most advanced sensor in the world. With a whopping 36.3 megapixels, this is the camera used for landscape and studio photography. Its stunning dynamic range can recover a lot of details when photographing in various lighting situations and the D800E gives that extra edge over the excellent Nikon D800.

Total cost: $3,300


Nikon D700 12.1MPNikon D700 12.1MP

While it does not have all the features of the top-of-the-line D-SLRs like Nikon D3s, it is still a very capable full-frame camera (with the same sensor as the original D3) that provides a lot of value at a good price. It has a great low-light performance and it is equipped with the same 51-point AF system that is found on Nikon’s professional D3/D3s/D3x cameras. The camera balances perfectly well on hands. Woman also finds the weight of the D700 to be a huge advantage – the Nikon D3s is just too heavy for them, especially during weddings.

Total cost: $3,150

Nikon D3S 12.1 MPNikon D3S 12.1 MP

A serious camera for serious photographers, the Nikon D3s is currently the king of low-light photography with an unmatched high ISO performance. Using the Nikon D3s during weddings and portrait sessions are great and you can also heavily rely on it for your nature photography. The full-frame (FX) sensor of the camera delivers colourful images with very little noise and its 51-point AF system with 15 cross-type sensors provides extremely accurate results for sharp photos. Whether you are shooting events in low-light situations or nature in extreme weather conditions, the Nikon D3s, without a doubt, is one of the best D-SLRs Nikon has ever made.

Total cost: $6,500

Camera Lenses and Optics - What You Should Know About Focal Length

Camera Lenses and Optics – What You Should Know About Focal Length

A zoom lens is one of the key features that you will need for your professional photography business. You will need to know that most compact digital cameras have optical zoom lenses. An optical zoom lens can magnify and broaden a scene that you want to photograph. This would be ideal for when you are not in a position to move closer to your subject or by including your subject more into a frame by making the camera versatile. It will give you great flexibility in your shooting and the bigger your zoom rage, the greater your flexibility would be.

Focal Lengths

High End Digital CamerasCameras with zoom have their focal lengths specified by comparison with the focal length of a 35mm film camera. The focal lengths are indicated on the camera lens in millimetres. This might sound a bit technical, but all you need to know is the description of lenses or cameras using terms such as two times (2x) or four times (4x) abbreviated. The wider the focal range the bigger the abbreviation becomes and the deeper the lens can magnify. Let’s use an example to make this clearer. If a digital camera has a zoom lens of 35 to 105mm, the focal range would be a 3x the optical zoom lens. This is because the biggest focal length is three times the lowest focal length. 35 x 3 = 105.

A 28 to 112mm lens would then be four times (4x) the focal length. 28 x 4 = 112. You can now find cameras with ultra zoom lenses 60x its focal length. The most common zoom lenses on a digital camera are the 3x or 5x zoom lenses.

Optical Zoom Or Digital Zoom

Digital cameras have features called digital zoom. This would enable to enlarge a portion of the sensors image electronically to create a zoom effect. By using the lens to magnify a scene will make the optical zoom work and it uses the whole sensor for an image and will keep the image quality and resolution. When using digital zoom, it enlarges only a small area which is the central portion of the sensor. This will then produce block or grain images that should be avoided when quality prints are going to be made.

Fixed Lenses Explained

Sigma DP2A zoom lens on a camera is basically a standard feature. Consider an alternative when using a fixed lens camera when you want to start a professional photography business.
Having looked at the flexibility of a zoom lens and what it can offer you, but with a fixed lens on a digital camera there are a couple of benefits which are not available on a zoom lens.
The benefits are optical quality and compact size. A Sigma DP2 is a great example.

Fixed Lens Advantages

You will find better optical quality results in a lens as it is a specialized lens that does not have a zoom function. If zoom takes place in a lens, compromises are made in designs which affect the optical quality. There are no compromises made in a fixed lens camera. It only has one focal length, which is usually a wide view of 28 to 35mm. This means that the lens is specially made for that length and making it much sharper and brighter than the zoom lens. Battery power last longer on a fixed lens camera.


Fixed lens cameras might seem expensive due to the cost that goes into their optics and that they are premium models. There are also few fixed lens cameras on the market that can also make them pricey. It does not have the flexibility of a zoom lens and is a result of people living with the compromises in a zoom lens camera.

The Cheaper Option

There are cheap models that you can take a look at on the market as they tend to use digital zoom to make of for the lack in an optical zoom. With cheap fixed lens digital cameras, you can bet that you will get worse optics and poor image processing. Avoid buying these type of cameras.