How To Price Photography Workbook

Digital Camera Features Explained

If you have worked with a film camera before, it would be very easy for you to familiarize yourself with a digital camera as they are designed for that purpose. Digital cameras also come with many helpful features to help you take awesome pictures. Most of the cameras have basically the same features than others. I will be introducing you to the typical features of a camera and would then continue to discuss the more specialized functions in another article called “Starting to Use Your Camera” Always check your camera manual for additional features.

The Side Of A Digital Camera

The Side Of A Digital CameraA camera should have a wrist strap lug on the side where you can attach the camera’s wrist or carry strap. On small cameras it is easier to use the wrist strap as it’s very light and easy to work with, but with the larger digital cameras, it’s best to use a carry strap that you put around your neck to void it from falling or damaging. Always ensure that you take this precaution, because when your camera falls, it would probably not work again.




The Front Of A Digital Camera

The Front Of A Digital CameraViewfinder
The viewfinder enables you to look at a scene that you want to photograph. There are two types: Optical and electronic. If you use an optical viewfinder, it means that you can simply turn the large colour screen off to save battery life. If you are using the electronic viewfinder, you are able to make use of the benefit to display the scene you want to photograph. This however uses a bit of power.

AF Assist Emitter
The autofocus (AF) assist emitter is a port that contains a light emitting diode (LED) to help you to focus your image in a low light area and situation. This also assists on reducing the redeye phenomenon.

Built-In Flash
A digital camera has an automated built-in flash unit that will provide light in dark situations to reduce heavy shaded shadows even in bright sunlight.

The camera comes with a zoom lens that enables you to zoom in and out when photographing a scene. The results when changing the focal length will be displayed on the display screen on the back of the camera or in the viewfinder.

Memory Card and Battery Cover
You will also find a small cover that protects hidden sockets where you insert your digital memory card and battery and then cover them safely again.

The Top Of A Digital Camera

The Top Of A Digital CameraOn/Off Button
A camera has an on/off button that is electrically powered by batteries that you insert in a battery socket.

Shutter Release
A shutter release would be the most important button that you will use on a camera. There are two different pressures on a shutter release button. A half press that you hold to focus your images as required. Once the image is in focus, it will make a beep that indicates the focus being ready. When you complete the press, it will fire the shutter and take the photo.

Zoom Lens
When you switch on a camera, it will extend a zoom lens into position to take a photo. The lens can have different ratios up to ten times of the extended measurements. Normally cameras have three times the extended zoom ratio.

Lens Zoom Control
A zoom lens control is a lever that controls the lens to make it zoom in or out. It will make adjusting views very easy when taking a photograph. This lever is not always found on the top of a digital camera though.

The Back Of A Digital Camera

The Back Of A Digital CameraViewfinder (Back View)
The viewfinder (back view) part of the camera is used to compose a shot. It also has two small indicators showing what the status is on your flash and focus. A green light would mean that the focus is in focus. The flash indicator will flash when it is busy charging and will be steady when it is ready.

A high-definition multimedia interface (HDMI) socket is where you will find the location to connect your digital camera to your personal computer. You can also use it to connect to your television (TV) for displaying your images or videos in high-definition.

LCD (Colour Screen)
The colour display screen is used to show a live display of any subject before you release the shutter. It is also used to view your images after taking them. When you are not busy taking photos and need to set the camera’s settings, the settings will be displayed here as well.

Adjustment Buttons & Controls
Depending on the type of camera you have, you will find various adjustment buttons on the camera that is used to control functions that is frequently used. These functions will control the different types of modes the camera has.

Jog Buttons
Jog buttons are used to scroll around and through menus and images. The centre button is used to confirm an action of the camera’s shooting functions.

An Overview On Different Types Of Digital Cameras

An Overview On Different Types Of Digital Cameras

What kind of camera do you need? Let’s start to look at the different types of digital cameras so that you can make an informed choice on starting your photography business.
There are four types of digital cameras, and only one of these types is suitable for starting a professional photography business. If you make the wrong choice, you will be wasting money that could have been saved towards buying the right type of digital camera when starting your photography business.

The Basic Digital Camera

When you buy a basic digital camera, it will have everything you need to take wonderful photographs, but it will come in a package that is very simple to use to anyone. Most of the functions on this type of camera will be automatic and there are very few controls to play with. These are the type of cameras that are referred to as a “point and shoot” camera. It has a built-in flash and probably a function to select auto modes to shoot different types of photography scenes such as portraits or landscapes. It might have a modest zoom lens or a focal length that is about 35mm and the resolution might start at about 8 mega-pixels up to 10 mega-pixels. With a camera that has a resolution of 8 mega-pixels can print images of well over 297mm x 420mm in paper size.

The Mid-Range Digital Camera

The Mid-Range Digital CameraTo identify the most common difference between a basic digital camera and a mid-range digital camera are the lens zoom and the mega-pixels not to mention the price difference. The resolution of a mid-range digital camera can be anything from 12 mega-pixels to 14 mega-pixels and lens that has better zoom capabilities of up to 5x zoom ratio. You also get mid-range cameras that have up to 10x zoom ratios. You will discover that there are enhanced features to take charge of your photo taking in high-definition (HD). The quality of the build would also be improved.

The High-End Digital Camera

High End Digital CamerasThe high-end digital camera is designed for advanced photographers, which are expensive pieces of equipment and has controls that can be manually set or choose a more enhanced automatic feature of settings.  This camera is much faster than the mid-range digital cameras due to the superior internal software that is speeding up capturing photographs.
The zoom ratio might not have been improved much but the glass on the lens will be crafted in such a way to improve the capturing of light to capture better images.

The high-resolution sensors will be round about 10 mega-pixels to 14 mega-pixels. The build of the model would also be improved for better grip and handling. The focus, metering and flash can also be used with professional studio equipment. Depending on the camera type, it would have additional memory card slots with faster connections to a computer.

The Digital, Single Lens Reflex Camera (D-SLR)

A D-SLR camera is the best type of camera to use for your professional photography business as it is the very top of the digital cameras. These cameras are very expensive with a professional level in high-resolution. The camera was given the “SLR” which enables you to view the scene you want to photograph through a single lens with a built-in reflex mirror. This reflex mirror will direct light through the viewfinder that is mounted inside the camera.

This would enable the photographer to look at the scene through the viewfinder as seen by the lens. When the photographer takes the shot of the scene, the mirror lifts up to allow light to enter and reach the sensor.

D-SLR cameras can use lenses that are interchangeable which are not available in other compact digital cameras. This enables the photographer to have flexibility in shooting multiple scenes. On this camera you will get high-tech gadgets that are specialized to enhance its performance such as having high-resolutions from 10 mega-pixels to 24 mega-pixels and even more. The quality build would be much stronger with even more grip and comes with an anti-dust system. The live view will enable a photographer to use the camera’s large screen to compose a shot.

I have prepared the following list that I would recommend buying if I was starting out as a professional photographer. Read more about lenses here… (And for full disclosure, since I’m all about doing things right, almost all the links in this article pays me a commission if you use them, so please use my links and thanks for helping support this site by using them to make your purchases!)

My recommendations will be based on Portrait Photography and Wedding Photography.

Portrait Photographers Nikon D7100Portrait Photographers: 2 x Nikon D7100 cameras

The D7100 incorporates recent advancements in HD-SLR technology, it brings a thrilling new level of image quality, speed, connectivity and creative capabilities. It has a specially designed 24.1 megapixel image sensor, with superior low-light performance, ultra-precise autofocus and metering, advanced video recording features, built-in HDR, mobile connectivity and much, much more. Pair it with any NIKKOR DX- and FX-format lenses, versatile Speedlights and accessories, and the D7100 will be the centerpiece of your creativity for years to come.

Read more about lenses here…

Total cost: $2400

Wedding Photographers Nikon D610Wedding Photographers: 2 x Nikon D610 cameras

Feel the power of a 24.3 megapixel sensor in a compact, HD-SLR body. Create dazzling full-frame images rivaled only by Nikon’s D800 series D-SLR and 1080p Full HD videos. Nikon’s superior 39-point AF system and Scene Recognition System means details will be clear and crisp—for static or moving subjects. HD video quality rivals more expensive dedicated video cameras. Nikon FX-format quality has never been more attainable

Read more about lenses here…

Total cost: $4000

High To Low-Resolution Images

High To Low-Resolution Images

When looking at digital cameras, you will see an endless mention of how many mega-pixels they have. This is a critical factor that you need to know when buying a D-SLR camera. So, in this article I will explain what mega-pixels are and how many you need as professional photographer. There is a special device on a camera called a sensor to capture light. This device has replaced the old film used in previous cameras. The sensor has many tiny particles that capture light and then converts those captured light particles to an electric form and feeds it to the on-board computer within the camera.

Once the electronic form of captured light is stored on a memory card, they can be reassembled by printing them out with a printer, or looked at on your camera screen, or view them on your personal computer. These captured pixels can also be edited with software on your computer to manipulate the light it captured. A pixel is a tiny location of information that can be found on a sensor. When you look at the number of pixels a camera has, it is referring to how many millions of pixels a sensor has. 1 mega-pixel is equal to 1 million pixels on a sensor within the camera.

To capture images with a lot of detail, you will need more pixels, which would make it important on knowing how many you need. In addition to this, the more mega-pixels you have, the bigger you can print your images. It would also increase the price of a camera to have more pixels. So, how many mega-pixels do you actually need for your photography business? To give you an answer, it would depend on what your budget is and what you want to do with your images. Most digital cameras come out with 8 mega-pixels that you can use to print images in the size of a poster.

The nice thing about a digital camera is that you can set it to use fewer pixels, so that you can take shots to their end of use. A fact that you need to take into consideration, is that the larger your pixels are, the more memory you need to store an image, as it has much more information and detail to save. Each image will be made up of more pixels.

How Many Megapixels?

As previously discussed, the more pixels your camera sensor has, the more information it will capture and will allow you to print larger sized images. I have prepared an illustration of sizes that can be used as an example in defining the image sizes.

High-Resolution ImagesHigh-Resolution Images:
High-resolution images represent up to 14 mega-pixels and it has 3425 x 3245 pixels that can be used to make very large prints. These high-resolution images can easily be printed well over 420mm x 594mm in paper size. Buying a camera that has a high number of pixels is a good choice to go with when you want to be a professional photographer.








High-Resolution ImagesMedium-Resolution Images:
Medium-resolution images represent up to 6 mega-pixels and it has 2000 x 3000 pixels that can be used to make large prints. These medium-resolution images can be printed up to 297mm X 420mm in paper sizes.






High-Resolution ImagesLow-Resolution Images:
Low-resolution images represent up to 2 mega-pixels and it has 1400 x 1400 pixels that can be used to make small prints. You will get a good 6 x 4 inch print from it.

Starting To Use Your Digital Camera

Starting To Use Your Digital Camera

A digital camera can be used in the same way as an old traditional film camera, but can also do much more than you think. I have prepared a list of the basic operations on a camera to get you started. D-SLR cameras have many functions and settings that can be adjusted to take awesome images for any type of scene. You only need to learn how to adjust your camera settings to take photos like a professional. Achieve this and you can start your professional photography business. Become a Pro by learning the basics first and then continue to more advanced settings.

Inserting The BatteriesInserting The Batteries

The first thing you need to do before using your camera is to insert the camera batteries. More than 60% of cameras have special designed battery packs that can be charged with a charger. Charging the batteries can take a few hours. But you need to ensure that they are fully charged before you use them. Some cameras use multiple power sources, such as AA batteries and a battery pack. Once you have charged the camera batteries, insert them into your camera and use the on/off switch to start using it.

Inserting Memory CardsInserting Memory Cards

There is only one way that you can insert a memory card into your camera. You find special memory card slots on your camera for them. Make sure that you read your manual on how to insert your memory card and make use of the sample images that can be located on the camera. Once you have inserted your memory card into your digital camera, you would be ready to shoot different scenes for your photography business.

Shooting ControlsShooting Controls

The “mode” dials and shutter button is the actual controls that allow you to take a photo. The former button would be the most important function on your camera as it will first focus the picture and then fire the shutter taking the image. The latter is used to set different shooting options and to play between different pictures that you took. It also sets different modes to shoot with.

Using Scene ModesUsing Scene Modes

When you select a scene mode, your camera will be set automatically for specific shooting situations that are indicated by small icons or pictures on the mode dial. Depending on your camera the icons can be displayed in the on-screen menus or both. You can expect to find modes such as, landscape, portrait, sports, still and night settings. Some digital cameras have many more than that. When you selected a mode option that you would like to use, your camera will do almost all the work for you on that type of scene.

Using MenusUsing Menus

When using menus that appear on your camera screen might be confusing at first, but you will find a step-by-step manual that will help you set your camera up. It can be different types of settings such as setting the date or choosing your camera resolution type or adjusting the brightness of the camera screen. Work through your manual slowly to set up your camera the way you want it to function on a personal level.

Built-In FlashBuilt-In Flash

The built-in flash will allow you to add extra light to a scene that is too dark to take a photo of. To use the flash, it can be automatically/manually set for a particular shot. In addition you can use the flash to fill shadows and it will help to prevent unwanted silhouettes if a background is dark.

Video and Audio Functions

Most cameras have an option to capture a video with audio included. They do vary from low-resolution movies for the use on the Internet while many other cameras can shoot in high-definition. Using the video mode, will allow you to shoot clips from a few minutes or until you have used up all the memory on your memory card. Capturing audio can be used to add comments to your photos.

Connecting To A Personal Computer Or TelevisionConnecting To A Personal Computer Or Television

When buying a digital camera, you will also receive connection cables required to connect to a television or personal computer. When you connect to a television, you will be able to view your images and videos taken on the screen directly. When you connect to a personal computer, you will be able to download your images and videos from you camera and burn a CD or edit them as you need to.